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Earth Awareness

Earth AwarenessBooks The need to solve ecological problems took on renewed urgency in the 1980s with evidence of the disastrous consequences of the destruction of the rain forests; the contamination of the soil, portable water, and oceans; depletion of energy reserves; and global warming through the greenhouse effect. However the pollution of the Earth is the product of the Industrial Revolution, barely two hundred years old, though the roots of an abusive attitude toward the planet are much older. An effective presentation of the consequences of the chemical poisoning of the global environment was the seminal book by Rachel Carson, Silent Spring (1962). In more recent times, Al Gore's documentary An Inconvenient Truth brought issues of climate change to a wider audience.
The "Gaia hypothesis," that the earth is a self-regulating organism, was put forward in the early 1970s by James E. Lovelock, a British biologist. According to his work, humankind is part of an overall complex biosphere organism. People, along with all other life forms on the planet, make an integral contribution to Gaia's stability, which in turn makes life possible. If we are all to survive - if the planet is to survive - we must begin to function as a "planetary nervous system" Gaia, working in harmony with the organism.